Paul's letter to the ROMANS (only a part)
STUDY 5 – THE RIGHTEOUSNESS FROM GOD
Read Romans 3:21-31
How would you describe the tone of the passage?
How is the righteousness from God (3: 21-24) different from the righteousness by law (2: 5-13)?
In vs. 24-25 Paul uses 3 important words to describe what Christ has done for us. The word justified is borrowed from the law court. The judge declares that the person on trial has no legal charges against him. Why is justification remarkable, given the background of Romans 1:18-20?
How should our complete acceptance by God affect the way we view ourselves?
The word redemption (v. 24) is borrowed from the slave market. It means “to buy someone out of slavery”. From what types of slavery has Christ delivered us?
The phrase sacrifice of attonement (v. 25) is borrowed from the Old Testament. Animal sacrifices turned away God’s wrath from the sinner. Why does Christ’s death turn away God’s wrath from us?
How should we respond, emotionally and spiritually, to the fact that Jesus’ experienced God’s wrath for us?
Some people find it difficult to understand how God can be perfectly just and gracious at the same time. How do the justice and grace of God meet at the cross (vs. 25-26)?
How does boasting about ourselves betray a fundamental misunderstanding of the gospel Vs. 27-31)?
At times do you still feel unacceptable to God? Explain.
In what ways might you feel or act differently if you more fully grasped what Jesus has done for you?
STUDY 6 – THE EXAMPLE OF ABRAHAM
Read Romans 4
What themes do you see running through this passage?
According to Paul, how were the Old Testament saints, such as Abraham and David, justified? (vs. 1-8) How do we know this?
What are some of the differences between justification by faith and by works? (vs. 4-8)
It’s easy to feel that God accepts us only when we are good. When we feel this way, how can the examples of Abraham and David give us hope?
Some people in Paul’s day taught that unless a person was circumcised he had no hope of being saved (see Acts 15:1). How does Abraham’s experience refute this idea? (vs. 9-12)
What kinds of false ideas do people today have about what is required for salvation?
God promised that Abraham and his offspring would inherit the world (vs. 13). Who are Abraham’s offspring (vs. 13-17)? What difference does it make whether the promise to Abraham and his offspring is fulfilled by law or by grace?
Paul states that the God in whom Abraham believed “gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were” (vs. 17). How does this statement relate to Abraham’s predicament described in vs. 18-22?
How does Abraham illustrate our own hopeless predicament as non-Christians and the solution provided in Jesus Christ (vs. 18-25)?
What situation are you currently facing that requires faith in the God of creation and resurrection? How can you demonstrate faith and hope in that situation?